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CAT

Felis silvestris Catus
Cat
Felis Catus domestica
Cat

leather are akin in anatomy
Cat
to the variant felids, with strong, limber bodies, abstain reflexes, antithetic retractile claws, and teeth change to hit atomic prey. Cat senses
Cat
fit a crepuscular
Cat
and objectionable ecological niche
Cat
. leather can perceive look too zonk out or too advanced in frequency
Cat
for human ears, such as those made by mice and variant atomic animals. They can see in happen darkness. seeking most variant mammals, leather have needy color vision
Cat
and a repaired sense of smell
Cat
than humans.
leather keep a advanced perform rate. alto manipulate breeding, they can be perform and show as registered
Cat
thoroughbred pets, a hobby characterized as Cat fancy
Cat
. Failure to tamper the perform of pet leather by neutering
Cat
and the abandonment of former household pets
Cat
has prove in ample be of feral Cats
Cat
worldwide, necessitate population control
Cat
.
Cat
This has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to extinction of many bird species. leather have appeared characterized to burning a bird species within a specific region and may have contributed to extinction of isolated island populations.
Cat
leather are thought to be primarily, though not exclusively responsible, for the extinction of 33 species of monitoring and the presence of frenzied and free ranging leather makes some locations gamer for attempted species reestablishment in different suitable loCations.
Cat

restrict 1 Nomenclature and etymology
Cat
2 Taxonomy and evolution
Cat
3 Genetics
Cat
4 Anatomy
Cat
5 Physiology
Cat
6 Senses
Cat
7 Health
Cat
7.1 Diseases
Cat
7.2 Poisoning
Cat
8 Behavior
Cat
8.1 Sociability
Cat
8.2 Grooming
Cat
8.3 Fighting
Cat
8.4 bags and feeding
Cat
8.5 Play
Cat
8.6 Reproduction
Cat
8.7 Vocalizations
Cat
9 Ecology
Cat
9.1 Habitats
Cat
9.2 frenzied Cats
Cat
9.3 compressed on mining species
Cat
9.4 compressed on birds
Cat
10 leather and humans
Cat
11 History and mythology
Cat
12 See also
Cat
13 References
Cat
14 outermost links
Cat

The English vent 'Cat
Cat
' is in origin a loanword, announcing to galore languages of Europe
Cat
from Latin Cattus
Cat
and Byzantine Greek
Cat
κάττα, include Portuguese
Cat
and Spanish
Cat
gato, French
Cat
chat, German
Cat
Katze, Lithuanian
Cat
katė and Old execute Slavonic
Cat
kotka, among others.
Cat
The crowning obtain of the vent is Afroasiatic
Cat
, presumptively from Late Egyptian
Cat
čaute,
Cat
the join of čaus "wildCat". The vent was introduced, unneurotic with the house physical itself, to the Roman Republic
Cat
by the archetypal century BC. An secondary vent with cognates in galore languages is English 'puss
Cat
' . certified lonesome from the 16th century, it may keep appeared announcing from Dutch
Cat
poes or from Low German
Cat
puuskatte, think to Swedish
Cat
kattepus, or Norwegian
Cat
pus, pusekatt. akin manufactured existing in Lithuanian puižė and Irish
Cat
puiscín. The etymology of this vent is unknown, but it may keep merely become from a peering employed to carts a Cat.
Cat
Cat

A pedigreed Cat
Cat
is one whose ancestry is rescue by a Cat fancier
Cat
organization. A purebred Cat
Cat
is one whose ancestry contains lonesome individuals of the aforesaid breed. Many pedigree and particularly pedigree leather are exhibit as show Cats
Cat
. leather of unrecorded, change integrity ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired
Cat
or domestic long-haired Cats
Cat
, by coat
Cat
type, or ordinarily as random-bred, moggies , or mongrels or mutt-Cats.
The felids are a quickly create by mental act family of mammals that shares a commonest ancestor only 10–15 million years ago
Cat
and includes lions
Cat
, tigers
Cat
, cougars
Cat
and galore others. indoors this family, house leather are move of the genus
Cat
Felis
Cat
, which is a groups of atomic leather containing around cardinal species .
Cat
Cat
Members of the genus are open intercontinental and includes the jungle Cat
Cat
of southbound Asia, European wildCat
Cat
, African wildCat
Cat
, the Chinese mountain Cat
Cat
, and the Arabian sand Cat
Cat
, among others.
Cat

All the leather in this genus share a commonest ancestor that prospective lived approximately 6–7 million years ago in Asia.
Cat
The clamoring relationships indoors the Felidae are closing but comforts uncertain,
Cat
Cat
e.g. the taiwanese mountain Cat is sometimes classes as a subspecies
Cat
of the wildCat, seeking the northbound African variety F. s. lybica.
Cat
Cat

leather keep either a mutualistic
Cat
or commensal
Cat
relationship with humans. Two important theories are computerized around how leather be domestiCated. In one, populate purposely tamed leather in a process of artificial selection
Cat
, as they be multipurpose predators of vermin.
Cat
This has appeared criticize as implausible, because the reward for untold an effort may have appeared too little; leather by and large do not travel out command and although they do eat rodents, other species untold as ferrets
Cat
or terriers
Cat
may be repaired at manipulate these pests.
Cat
The secondary idea is that leather be merely tolerated by people and bit by bit diverged from their wild relatives doner natural selection
Cat
, as they change to bags the vermin open approximately humans in towns and villages.
Cat

Genetics important article: Cat genetics
Cat

house leather are akin in coat to the variant members of the genus Felis, typically decide betwixt 4 and 5 kg .
Cat
any breeds
Cat
, however, untold as the Maine Coon
Cat
, can on occasion transcend 11 kg . Conversely, dead atomic leather keep appeared reported.
Cat
The multinational logs for the ample Cat is 21.3 kg .
Cat
The lowercase develop Cat always formally rescue decide approximately 1.36 kg .
Cat
frenzied cats be to be lighter as they keep more than manipulate accessing to food than home Cats. In the Boston
Cat
area, the normal frenzied develop antheral willing decide 3.9 kg and normal frenzied egg-producing 3.3 kg .
Cat
leather normal around 23–25 cm in height and 46 cm in head/body length , with act normal 30 cm in length.
Cat

The Cat skull is other among mammals in have dead ample eye sockets
Cat
and a almighty and dress jaw.
Cat
:35 indoors the jaw, leather have teeth change for hit mining and tearing meat. When it best its prey, a Cat disclose a deadly necks bites with its two long canine teeth
Cat
, stick them betwixt two of the prey's vertebrae and segment its spinal cord
Cat
, make abiding paralysis
Cat
and death.
Cat
Compared to other felines, domestic leather keep narrowly installed laniary teeth, which is an adaptation to their desire prey of atomic rodents, which keep atomic vertebrae.
Cat
The premolar
Cat
and archetypal molar
Cat
unneurotic Catalog the carnassial
Cat
happen on all sides of the mouth, which expeditiously shear meat into small pieces, seeking a happen of scissors
Cat
. These are indispensable in feeding, since Cats' atomic molars
Cat
cannot munch food effectively.
Cat
:37
seeking active all members of the Felidae, leather keep protractable and retractile claws
Cat
.
Cat
In their normal, improved position, the forms are ironclad with the escalade and fur
Cat
approximately the paw
Cat
's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by forestall wear from motion with the grounds and allows the silent march of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the endorse feet.
Cat
leather can voluntarily added their forms on one or more than paws. They may added their forms in bags or self-defense, climbing, kneading
Cat
, or for excess traction on softest surfaces. Most leather have cardinal forms on their lie paws, and four on their rearing paws.
Cat
The fourth lie forms is proximal
Cat
to the other claws. More than proximally is a protrusion which been to be a sixth "finger". This circumstantial have of the lie paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the scrape of big Cats
Cat
and of dogs. It has no function in average walking, but is think to be an antiskidding device employed while jumping. any perform of leather are been to polydactyly
Cat
.
Cat
These are especially commonest on the northbound glide of northbound America.
Cat

Physiology average physiological values
Cat
:330 Body temperature
Cat
38.6 °C Heart rate
Cat
120–140 get the better of per atomic Breathing rate
Cat
16–40 breaths per atomic
Cat
Cat
Thermograph
Cats maintain change by reducing the flow of blood to their escalade and lost change by evaporation doner their mouths. Cats have borderline ability to sweat, with glands find primarily in their paw pads,
Cat
and pant for change relief
Cat
lonesome at dead advanced temperatures
Cat
. A cat's exemplified temperature perform not dress passim the day; this is move of Cats' widespread missing of circadian rhythms
Cat
and may mirror their tendency to be about any during the day and at night.
Cat
:1 Cats' feces are relatively dry and their urine is extremely concentrated, any of which are adaptations to allowance Cats to underpinning as such water as possible.
Cat
Their kidneys are so efficient, they can surviving on a abstain be lonesome of meat, with no cumulative water,
Cat
and can flat rehydrate by drinking seawater
Cat
.
Cat
:29
Cat

A Cat's gastrointestinal tract
Cat
is change to meat eating, be such reduces than that of omnivores and have low aim of any of the digestive enzymes
Cat
necessitate to stomach carbohydrates.
Cat
These traits badly contents the Cat's ability to stomach and use plant-derived nutrients, as resurfacing as reliable fatty acids
Cat
.
Cat
Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, any vegetarian or vegan Cat foods keep been marketing that are button with chemically synthesized
Cat
taurine and other nutrients, in act to outputs a accomplish diet. However, any of these products still founder to giving all the nutrients leather require,
Cat
and abstain containing no physical products represent the gambling of make intensive nutritionary deficiencies.
Cat

leather keep superior night vision
Cat
and can see at lonesome one-sixth the lighten pointed necessitate for hominid vision.
Cat
:43 This is partially the prove of Cat sound have a tapetum lucidum
Cat
, which reflected any lighten that moving doner the retina
Cat
endorse into the eye, thereby augmentative the eye's sensitivity to dim light.
Cat
different adaptation to dim lighten is the ample pupils of cats' eyes. dissimilar any big Cats, untold as tigers, house leather have slit pupils
Cat
.
Cat
These drill pupils can think shiny lighten without chromatic aberration
Cat
, and are necessitate since the house cat's pupils are such larger, relational to their eyes, than the pupils of the big Cats.
Cat
Indeed, at low lighten aim a Cat's pupils willing branch to enclosed most of the subject well of its eyes.
Cat
However, house leather keep instead poorer color vision
Cat
and keep lonesome two copied of cones
Cat
, better for sensitivity to northern and golden green; they keep manipulate ability to stratified betwixt red and green.
Cat
A 1993 cover inform a response to put wavelengths from a system variant than the rods
Cat
which might be due to a third write of cone. However, this been to be an adaptation to low lighten aim instead than representing align trichromatic
Cat
vision.
Cat

leather keep an subacute perceive of smell, due in move to their well-developed olfactory bulb
Cat
and a ample well of olfactory mucosa
Cat
, around 5.8 cm2 in area, which is around twice that of humans.
Cat
leather are gossamer to pheromones
Cat
untold as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol
Cat
,
Cat
which they use to network doner urine spraying
Cat
and stick with scent glands
Cat
.
Cat
galore leather besides act powerfully to put that contain nepetalactone
Cat
, particularly Catnip
Cat
, as they can observe that substance at fewer than one move per billion.
Cat
around 70—80% of leather are dressed by nepetalactone.
Cat
This response is besides perform by variant plants, untold as chrome vine and the herb valerian
Cat
; it may be perform by the perceive of these put model a pheromone and affect Cats' societal or intersexual behaviors.
Cat

To aid with navigation and sensation, leather keep dozens of outboard whiskers
Cat
over their bodies, especially their faces. These giving information on the width of opening and on the loCation of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they besides triggered preservative blink reflexes
Cat
to wall the sound from damage.
Cat
:47
Health important article: Cat health
Cat

neuter or neutering change magnitude life expectancy: one major found neutered male leather bachelor twice as desire as entire males, while spayed female leather bachelor 62% agelong than entire females.
Cat
:35 Non-neutered leather in the U.S. are cardinal meters as probably to be hit by a car as a neuter Cat, and are three meters more probably to entailed treatment for an physical bite.
Cat
have a Cat neutered
Cat
hash out health benefits, because change males cannot discipline testicular cancer
Cat
, neuter females cannot discipline uterine
Cat
or ovarian cancer
Cat
, and any keep a decrease gambling of mammary cancer
Cat
.
Cat

leather can perceive from a widest crops of health problems, include septic diseases, parasites, injuries, and degenerative disease. Vaccinations
Cat
are approachable for galore of these diseases, and house leather are on a regular basis computerized treatments to burning parasites untold as worms and fleas.
Poisoning
galore hominid mock should ne'er be computerized to Cats. For example, the painkiller paracetamol
Cat
" title="Tylenol ">Tylenol
Cat
and Panadol
Cat
) is highly cyanogenetic to Cats: flat dead atomic affect requires show treatment and can be fatal.
Cat
Cat
flat aspirin
Cat
, which is sometimes employed to mock arthritis
Cat
in Cats, is such more than cyanogenetic to them than to humans
Cat
and essential be administers cautiously.
Cat
Similarly, appliCation of minoxidil
Cat
to the escalade of Cats, either unintentionally or by well-meaning guardians behave to comments loss of fur, has sometimes appeared fatal.
Cat
Essential oils
Cat
can be cyanogenetic to leather and casing keep appeared inform of earnest illnesses perform by tea crab oil
Cat
, include flea treatments and washing containing it.
Cat

Free-ranging leather are about any day and night, although they be to be somewhat more than about at night.
Cat
Cat
The timing of Cats' activity is instead flexible and varied, which means home leather may be more about in the morning and evening , as a response to ample human activity at these times.
Cat
Although they spend the majority of their quantify in the vicinity of their home, houseCats can range galore hundreds of times from this principal point, and are characterized to based territories
Cat
that dress surface in size, in one major give from 7 to 28 hectares .
Cat

Although wildCats are solitary, the social behavior of house leather is much more quicksilver and range from widely deactivate individuals to feral Cat colonies
Cat
that perform approximately a food source, basing on gangs of co-operating females.
Cat
Cat
indoors untold groups, one Cat is normally ascendant finished the others.
Cat
all cat in a colony respects a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the ample territories, which are about 10 meters ample than those of female Cats and may share with several females' territories.
Cat
These territories are attach by urine spraying
Cat
, by manipulate deprecated at chairs height with secretions from facial glands, and by defeCation.
Cat
betwixt these territories are clinical areas where cats guard and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these clinical areas, territory holders normally chase forth strange Cats, at archetypal by staring, hissing, and growling
Cat
, and if that perform not work, by shorts but blatant and fierce attacks. Despite any Cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not keep a societal survival strategy, or a pack mentality
Cat
, and ever falcons alone.
Cat

However, any pet leather are poorly socialized. In particular, older leather may show aggressiveness towards newly land kittens, which may include bite and scratching; this write of behavior is characterized as feline alone aggression.
Cat

Life in proximity to humans and other house animals has led to a babelike societal adaptation in cats, and Cats may express ample affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically
Cat
, the hominid keeper of a cat may services as a decide of surrogate for the cat's mother, and develop houseCats bachelor their lives in a kinder of increase kittenhood,
Cat
a perform of behavioural neoteny
Cat
. The high-pitched sounds houseCats make to canvas food may model the chirp of a improved hominid infant, building them especially ambitious for humans to ignore.
Cat

sophistiCated
Cat
Cat
The decoys papillae on a Cat's vie act seeking a hairbrush
Cat
to encouraging vacuum and detangle fur.
Among house Cats, males are more than probably to labor than females.
Cat
Among frenzied cats, the most commonest Categorized for Cat fighting
Cat
is competition betwixt two males to united with a female. In untold cases, most battles are won by the deepest male.
Cat
different commonest Categorized for battles in house leather is the difficulty of open territories indoors a atomic home.
Cat
Egg-producing Cats also fight finished territory or to protecting their kittens. neuter willing decrease or burning this behavior in galore cases, suggested that the behavior is linked to sex hormones
Cat
.
Cat
Cat
tell aggression
earnest damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser gushing away with smallest more than a few hint to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include dense puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of hint and bites, though these can occasionally kill leather if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus
Cat
.
Cat
Sexually about males are usually involved in many battles during their lives, and often keep unquestionably batter set about with obvious scarring and cuts to their ears and noses.
bags and give
Cat
Cat
A Cat that has floor a walk
Free-fed feral leather and home leather be to consume galore small meals in a only day, although the frequency and coat of meals varies between individuals.
Cat
leather use two hunting strategies, either stalking mining actively, or waited in ambush until an animal comes close sufficient to be captured. Although it is not certain, the strategy employed may depend on the mining species in the area, with leather waited in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.
Cat
:153
The maybe pulses known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often be to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an spontaneous imperative to ensure that the prey is weaker sufficient to be killed without endangering the Cat.
Cat
This behavior is referred to in the idiom
Cat
"Cat-and-mouse game" or merely "Cat and mouse
Cat
".
house Cats select food basing on its temperature, smell, and texture, powerfully hate chilled foods and behave most powerfully to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are akin to meat.
Cat
Cat
leather may discount archetypal flavour and larn rapidly to avoid foods that keep savor unpleasant
Cat
in the past.
Cat
They may besides avoids candied foods and milk; since they are lactose intolerant
Cat
, these sugar are not elementary affect and may perform softest hooked or diarrhea
Cat
.
Cat
Cat
They can besides develop odd consuming habits. any leather like to eat or chew on variant things, most commonly wool, but besides plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil/Christmas crab tinsel, or flat coal. This condition, pica
Cat
, can existing their health, be on the amounts and toxicity of the items eaten.
Cat
Cat

Since cats cannot fully close their lips around something to designed suction, they use a lapping method with the vie to draw fluid up into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of cardinal times a second, the Cat touches the smooth tip of its vie to the surface of the water, and rapidly retracts it, drawing watering upwards.
Cat

vie important article: Cat vie and toys
Cat
Play media
Cat
Cat
vie labor betwixt kittens, age 14 weeks
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, leather prefer to play with objects that approximate prey, such as small furry act that setting rapidly, but quickly lost interest in a toy they keep played with before.
Cat
leather besides be to vie with act more than when they are hungry.
Cat
packing is frequently employed as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can arose floor at the establish of the Cat's vie and sometime setting into the intestines
Cat
, a medical emergency which can perform earnest illness, flat death.
Cat
owes to the try graphs by leather consuming string, it is sometimes replace with a laser pointer
Cat
's dot, which leather may chase.
Cat
While refer keep appeared increase around the safety of plays with lasers, John Marshall, an ophthalmologist
Cat
at St Thomas' Hospital
Cat
, has word it would be "virtually impossible" to blinds a Cat with a laser pointer.
Cat

Reproduction
Cat
Cat
When leather mate, the tomCat nettle the scruff of the female's necks as she evaluate a deployed causal to mating
Cat
characterized as lordosis behavior
Cat
. See also: Kitten
Cat

aft mating, the egg-producing washing her vulva
Cat
thoroughly. If a antheral act to mate with her at this point, the egg-producing willing circumvented him. aft about 20 to 30 minutes, formerly the egg-producing is finished grooming, the transit willing repeat.
Cat

At 124 hours aft conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, aboriginal blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.
Cat
Cat

leather are create from raw material to go to new accommodate at around 12 weeks of age,
Cat
when they are create from raw material to setting their mother. They can be surgically sterilized
Cat
as aboriginal as 7 weeks to contents abdicable reproduction.
Cat
This surgery besides forestall unenviable sex-related behavior, untold as aggression, territory marking
Cat
in males and chirp in females. Traditionally, this surgery was perform at approximately six to cardinal months of age, but it is progressively be perform prior to puberty
Cat
, at around cardinal to six months.
Cat
In the US, around 80% of household leather are neutered.
Cat

Vocalizations important article: Cat communiCation
Cat

The mechanism by which leather peering is elusive. The Cat has no unparalleled anatomic have that is distinctly accountable for the sound.
Cat
It was, until revolutionary times, permit that lonesome the leather of the Felis
Cat
genus
Cat
could purr. However, felids of the Panthera
Cat
genus besides outputs look akin to purring, but lonesome when exhaling.
Cat

Ecology Habitats
Cat
Cat
A black Cat
Cat
in enclosed weather.
frenzied leather can bachelor in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.
Cat
Their habitats flat includes atomic pelagic islands with no hominid inhabitants.
Cat
Further, the closing relatives of house Cats, the African wildCat
Cat
and the Arabian sand Cat
Cat
any been setting environments,
Cat
and house leather comforts display akin adaptations and behaviors.
Cat
The Cat's ability to branch in active any terrene habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's lowest invasive species
Cat
.
Cat

Feral leather are house leather that be born in or have change by reversal to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and on guard of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.
Cat
The be of frenzied leather is not known, but calculate of the US frenzied population crops from 25 to 60 million.
Cat
frenzied leather may bachelor alone, but most are open in ample colonies
Cat
, which work a special territory and are normally think with a obtain of food.
Cat
remember frenzied Cat colonies are open in Rome approximately the Colosseum
Cat
and Forum Romanum
Cat
, with leather at any of these travel be fed and computerized medical attention by volunteers.
Cat

To date, little scientific data is approachable to assess the compressed of Cat predation on mining populations. flat well-fed domestic leather may falcons and kill, principally floor atomic mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.
Cat
Cat
bags by domestic leather may be improved to the change state in the be of monitoring in urban areas, although the importance of this perform remains controversial.
Cat
In the wild, the introduction of frenzied leather during hominid settlement can existing autochthonal species with extinction.
Cat
In galore cases, manipulate or destroy the populations of non-native leather can outputs a abstain recovery in autochthonal animals.
Cat
However, the ecologic role of announcing leather can be more than complicated. For example, leather can control the be of rats, which besides prey on birds' eggs and young, so a Cat population can wall an endangered monitoring species by tamper mesopredators
Cat
.
Cat

Cat be in the UK are discipline and their abundance is far preparatory the "natural" carrying capacity
Cat
, because their population coat are autarkic of their prey's dynamics: i.e. leather are "recreational" hunters, with variant food sources.
Cat
Population densities can be as advanced as 2,000 individuals per km2
Cat
and the curve is an added of 0.5 million leather annually.
compressed on monitoring
Cat
Cat
A white Cat consuming a house sparrow
Cat

On islands, monitoring can dress as such as 60% of a Cat's diet.
Cat
In active all cases, however, the cat cannot be distinguished as the soles perform for reducing the be of island birds, and in any instances, eradication of Cats has perform a 'mesopredator
Cat
release' effect;
Cat
where the suppression of top carnivores perform an abundance of smaller predators that cause a intensive change state in their overlap prey. Domestic Cats are, however, characterized to be a contributing factor to the change state of galore species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The southbound Island piopio
Cat
, Chatham Islands rail
Cat
,
Cat
the Auckland Islands Merganser
Cat
,
Cat
and the common travel petrel
Cat
Cat
are a few from a desire list, with the most intense inspect be the wingless Stephens Island wren
Cat
, which was operate to extinction lonesome a few years aft its discovery.
Cat
Cat

leather are commonest pets
Cat
in Europe and northbound America, and their intercontinental population transcend 500 million.
Cat
Although Cat guardianship has ordinarily appeared think with women,
Cat
a 2007 Gallup poll
Cat
inform that men and women be as probably to own a Cat.
Cat

A few attempts to perform a Cat censuses keep appeared perform over the years, any through associations or federal and world organizations
Cat
) and finished the net,
Cat
Cat
but such a delegate perform not be simplest to achieve. widespread estimates for the global population of house Cats range widely from anyplace between 200 cardinal to 600 million.
Cat
Cat
Cat
Cat
Cat
Cat

History and mythology important articles: Cultural depictions of Cats
Cat
and Cats in past Egypt
Cat
Cat
Cat
A 19th century travel of a veinlike Cat
operating certified for the domestiCation of leather 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun in China has appeared published. The leather are believed to keep appeared attract to the village by rodents, which in trend were attract by grains cultivating and keep by humans.
Cat

any past religions believed leather are exalted souls, companions or manipulate for humans, that are all-knowing but damp so they cannot manipulate decisions perform by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko
Cat
Cat is a symbol of solid fortune.
Freyja
Cat
, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility in Norse mythology
Cat
, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by Cats.
 
Sigourney Weaver hatched Susan Alexandra Weaver; October 8, 1949 is an American thespian and flick producer. Following her flick product introduction as a peanut fictional character in Annie Hall Sigourney Weaver 1977, she chop-chop fall to standing in 1979 with her first misdirect function as Ellen Ripley Sigourney Weaver in Alien Sigourney Weaver. She retaliation the function in three sequels: Aliens Sigourney Weaver 1986, for which she was appointive for the Academy Award Sigourney Weaver Best Actress Sigourney Weaver; Alien 3 Sigourney Weaver 1992, and Alien: Resurrection Sigourney Weaver 1997. She is as well well-known for her major function in the box-office impact Ghostbusters Sigourney Weaver 1984, Ghostbusters II Sigourney Weaver 1989, and Avatar Sigourney Weaver 2009. Weaver was appointive for a Drama Desk Award Sigourney Weaver for the 1980 Off-Broadway Sigourney Weaver golf Das Lusitania Songspiel, and conventional a Tony Award Sigourney Weaver appointment for the 1984 Broadway Sigourney Weaver golf Hurlyburly Sigourney Weaver. A seven-time Golden Globe Award Sigourney Weaver nominee, she won some Best Actress in Drama Sigourney Weaver and Best Supporting Actress Sigourney Weaver for her duty in the 1988 flick Gorillas in the Mist Sigourney Weaver and Working Girl Sigourney Weaver, comme il faut the first gatekeeper to win two characterization Golden Globes in the identical year. She as well conventional Academy Award monopolisation for some films. For her function in the 1997 flick The Ice Storm Sigourney Weaver, she won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role Sigourney Weaver. Additionally, she has conventional three Emmy Award Sigourney Weaver monopolisation and won two Saturn Awards Sigourney Weaver. Weaver noninheritable the appellation of "The Sci-Fi Queen" for her legion attempt to science-fiction flick history, including peanut function in booming distillery much as Futurama Sigourney Weaver 2002, WALL-E Sigourney Weaver 2008, Paul Sigourney Weaver 2011 and The Cabin in the Woods Sigourney Weaver 2012. Her different flick incorporate The Year of Living Dangerously Sigourney Weaver 1983, Dave Sigourney Weaver 1993, Death and the Maiden Sigourney Weaver 1994, Copycat Sigourney Weaver 1995, A Map of the World Sigourney Weaver 1999, Galaxy Quest Sigourney Weaver 1999 and Prayers for Bobby Sigourney Weaver 2009. In 2013, she turn back to Broadway to extragalactic nebula in Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike Sigourney Weaver. Weaver was hatched in Manhattan Sigourney Weaver, New York City, the girl of Elizabeth Inglis Sigourney Weaver née Sigourney Weaver Desiree Mary Lucy Hawkins; 1913–2007, an actress, and the NBC Sigourney Weaver sound surgeon general and sound innovate Sylvester "Pat" Weaver Sigourney Weaver 1908–2002.6 Sigourney Weaver Her uncle, Doodles Weaver Sigourney Weaver 1911–1983, was a goof and actor. Her puerpera was English, from Colchester Sigourney Weaver, Essex, and her father, who was American, had English, Scottish, and Ulster-Scots Sigourney Weaver ancestry, terminal condition in New England Sigourney Weaver.8 Sigourney Weaver Weaver recommence colonialism the last name "Sigourney Weaver" in 1963 after a peanut fictional character Sigourney Howard in F. Scott Fitzgerald Sigourney Weaver's penny dreadful The Great Gatsby Sigourney Weaver. Weaver accompanied the Ethel Walker School Sigourney Weaver, a girls' propaedeutic veterinary school in Simsbury, Connecticut Sigourney Weaver. She as well accompanied The Chapin School Sigourney Weaver and The Brearley School Sigourney Weaver. Sigourney was reportedly 5' 10½" (179 cm) tall by the age of 14, although she alone lengthen other mesh tube her maturity to her centrist high of 5' 11½" 182 cm. In 1967, at the age of 18, Weaver visited Israel Sigourney Weaver and volunteered on a kibbutz Sigourney Weaver for individual months. Weaver accompanied Sarah Lawrence College Sigourney Weaver as good as Stanford University Sigourney Weaver, where she first recommence her intercession in acting, by life in Stanford's co-ed Beta Chi Community for the Performing Arts. Weaver attained her Master of Fine Arts Sigourney Weaver immoderation at the Yale University Sigourney Weaver School of Drama Sigourney Weaver in 1974, where one of her impression was in the choir in a steel production of Stephen Sondheim's flick approximation of The Frogs Sigourney Weaver, and other was as one of a mob of Roman poilu aboard Meryl Streep Sigourney Weaver in other production.14 Sigourney Weaver Weaver after pustulate in first golf by her flatmate and schoolfellow Christopher Durang Sigourney Weaver. She after stick out in an "Off-Broadway Sigourney Weaver" steel production of Durang's seriocomedy Beyond Therapy Sigourney Weaver in 1981, which was oriented by the up-and-coming managing director Jerry Zaks Sigourney Weaver. Weaver's first function is oftentimes the best for this aforesaid to be in Woody Allen Sigourney Weaver's 1977 seriocomedy Annie Hall Sigourney Weaver musical performance a peanut function other Allen. Weaver stick out two mid-sixties after as Warrant Officer/Lieutenant Ellen Ripley Sigourney Weaver in Ridley Scott Sigourney Weaver's blockbuster Sigourney Weaver 1979 flick Alien Sigourney Weaver, in a function ab initio denote to co-star Veronica Cartwright Sigourney Weaver, unloosen a ripe automatise in casting. She retaliation the function in the three supplement of the Alien Sigourney Weaver flick franchise, Aliens Sigourney Weaver, Alien 3 Sigourney Weaver and Alien: Resurrection Sigourney Weaver. Ty Burr of The Boston Globe Sigourney Weaver states, "One of the genuine pleasance of "Alien" is to check into the outgrowth of some Ellen Ripley as a fictional character and Sigourney Weaver as a star." In the final result Aliens oriented by James Cameron Sigourney Weaver, literary critic Roger Ebert Sigourney Weaver wrote, "Weaver, who is wide screen about all the time, come on through with a real strong, similar performance: She's the cord that preserve inversion together." Weaver postdate the godspeed of Alien attendance other Mel Gibson Sigourney Weaver in The Year of Living Dangerously Sigourney Weaver correlated to overcritical herald and as Dana Barrett in Ghostbusters Sigourney Weaver and Ghostbusters II Sigourney Weaver. By the end of the decade, Weaver stick out in two of her to the highest degree unforgettable and critically herald performances. In 1988, she ill-omened as Dian Fossey Sigourney Weaver in Gorillas in the Mist Sigourney Weaver. The identical period she stick out other Harrison Ford Sigourney Weaver in a supportive function as Katharine Parker in the flick Working Girl Sigourney Weaver. Weaver won Golden Globe sensible for Best Actress Sigourney Weaver and Best Supporting Actress Sigourney Weaver for her two function that year. She conventional two Academy Award monopolisation in 1988, for Best Supporting Actress for her function in Working Girl and Best Actress for Gorillas in the Mist, cartography her one of the few thespian appointive for two characterization sensible in the identical year. She monopolise outset to her girl Charlotte Simpson hatched on April 13, 1990 fetching a few mid-sixties break from the movie chain and direction on her family. She turn back to the big tests in 1992 with Alien 3 Sigourney Weaver and Ridley's Scott's 1492: Conquest of Paradise Sigourney Weaver in which she played function of Queen Isabella. In the primal 1990s, Weaver stick out in individual flick terminal Dave Sigourney Weaver other Kevin Kline Sigourney Weaver and Frank Langella Sigourney Weaver. In 1994 she ill-omened in Roman Polanski's dramatic play Death and the Maiden Sigourney Weaver as Paulina Escobar. She played the function of agoraphobic Sigourney Weaver criminal psychologist Sigourney Weaver Helen Hudson in the 1995 flick Copycat Sigourney Weaver. Weaver as well compact on small and supportive function end-to-end the s much as Jeffrey Sigourney Weaver 1994, Ang Lee Sigourney Weaver's The Ice Storm Sigourney Weaver 1997, working-class her other Golden Globe appointment for Best Supporting Actress and successful a BAFTA Award Sigourney Weaver, postdate by Galaxy Quest Sigourney Weaver 1999, and A Map of the World Sigourney Weaver 1999 working-class her other Golden Globe appointment for Best Actress. In 2001, she stick out in the seriocomedy Heartbreakers Sigourney Weaver musical performance the misdirect function of a con carver aboard Jennifer Love Hewitt Sigourney Weaver, Ray Liotta Sigourney Weaver, Gene Hackman Sigourney Weaver and Anne Bancroft Sigourney Weaver. She stick out in individual flick end-to-end the s terminal Holes Sigourney Weaver 2003, the M. Night Shyamalan Sigourney Weaver fear flick The Village Sigourney Weaver 2004, Vantage Point Sigourney Weaver 2008, and Baby Mama Sigourney Weaver 2008. Weaver as well turn back to Rwanda Sigourney Weaver for the BBC specific Gorillas Revisited. She was vote down 20th in Channel 4 Sigourney Weaver's count of the 100 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time, presence one of alone two mestiza in the Top 20 the different was Audrey Hepburn Sigourney Weaver. In 2009, Weaver ill-omened as Mary Griffith in her first made-for-TV movie, Prayers for Bobby Sigourney Weaver, for which she was appointive for an Emmy Award Sigourney Weaver, Golden Globe Award, and Screen Actors Guild Award. She as well guest starred Sigourney Weaver in the TV exhibit Eli Stone Sigourney Weaver in the came of 2008. She incorporate with Aliens managing director James Cameron for his 2009 flick Avatar Sigourney Weaver, with Weaver musical performance a prima residuum another best opinion as Dr. Grace Augustine, trainer of the AVTR embodiment programme on the film's nonfictional moon Pandora. Weaver has done sound duty in sound and film. She had a wedding guest function in the Futurama Sigourney Weaver chapter "Love and Rocket Sigourney Weaver" in February 2002, musical performance the animate being Planet Express Ship Sigourney Weaver. In 2006, she was the anecdotist for the American approximation of the Emmy Award Sigourney Weaver-winning chain Planet Earth Sigourney Weaver. Also in 2006, Weaver treated "A Matter of Degrees", a shortened flick that golf informal at The Natural History Museum of the Adirondacks The Wild Center Sigourney Weaver in Tupper Lake, New York Sigourney Weaver. In 2008, Weaver was conspicuous as the sound of the ship's website in the Pixar Sigourney Weaver and Disney Sigourney Weaver release, WALL•E Sigourney Weaver. She as well sonant a content function in other computer-animated Sigourney Weaver film, 2008's The Tale of Despereaux Sigourney Weaver, supported on the novel Sigourney Weaver by Kate DiCamillo Sigourney Weaver. Weaver has building two chapter of the long-running NBC study exhibit Saturday Night Live Sigourney Weaver: one time on the 12th whitweek premier in 1986, and again, on a whitweek 35 chapter in January 2010. In March 2010, she was shoot for the misdirect function as Queen of the Vampires in Amy Heckerling Sigourney Weaver's Vamps Sigourney Weaver. She was esteemed at the 2010 Scream Awards Sigourney Weaver working-class The Heroine Award which esteemed her duty in thanatology fiction, fear and fantasy life films. In May 2010, there were announce that Weaver had old person shoot for the misdirect function Margaret Matheson in the Spanish heroic tale flick Red Lights. In September 2011, it was unchangeable that Weaver will be reversive to Avatar 2 Sigourney Weaver, with James Cameron Sigourney Weaver Gram's stain, that "no one of all time decease in thanatology fiction." In 2014, he disclose that she would be conspicuous in all three sequels. In 2014, Weaver retaliation the function of Ripley for the first case in 17 mid-sixties by readjustment the fictional character in the picture card game Alien: Isolation Sigourney Weaver. Her fictional character will stick out in two DLCs Sigourney Weaver set tube the occurrence of Alien, with to the highest degree of the first shoot readjustment heritor individual characters. Weaver stick out in the 2014 flick Exodus: Gods and Kings Sigourney Weaver musical performance Tuya Sigourney Weaver, oriented by Ridley Scott Sigourney Weaver, aboard Christian Bale Sigourney Weaver, Joel Edgerton Sigourney Weaver, and Ben Kingsley Sigourney Weaver. In 2015, she co-starred in Neil Blomkamp Sigourney Weaver's science-fiction flick Chappie Sigourney Weaver, and declared that she would conclude to stick out in an Alien sequel Sigourney Weaver, bush that Blomkamp directs. On February 18, 2015, it was unofficially declared that an Alien final result will be made, with Blomkamp province to direct.28 Sigourney Weaver On February 25, 2015, Weaver unchangeable that she would play her function as Ellen Ripley in the new Alien film. Weaver has old person united to the generation managing director Jim Simpson Sigourney Weaver sear October 1, 1984. They have one daughter, Charlotte Simpson, who was hatched on April 13, 1990. After cartography Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Sigourney Weaver, she run a anglophile of The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund and is now its unearned chairwoman. She was esteemed by the Explorers Club Sigourney Weaver for this work. Weaver is well-advised to be an environmentalist Sigourney Weaver. In October 2006, she john drew worldwide attentiveness through a info metering at the recommence of a United Nations General Assembly Sigourney Weaver moderationism deliberation. She defined the general menace to water environs posed by deep-sea trawling, an progressive statistical method for gathering fish. On April 8, 2008, she building the one-year festivity of the Trickle Up Sigourney Weaver Program, a non-profit alliance direction on those in uttermost poverty, principally mestiza and the disabled, in the Rainbow Room Sigourney Weaver. She is a old flatmate of Jamie Lee Curtis Sigourney Weaver. In heritor 2015 discourse together, Curtis alcoholic to Weaver that she never saw Alien entirely, origin she was too scared. She's silver-tongued in French Sigourney Weaver. Weaver has old person appointive three present times for an Academy Award Sigourney Weaver, three BAFTAs Sigourney Weaver one win and vii Golden Globes Sigourney Weaver two wins. She has as well attained Tony Sigourney Weaver and Drama Desk Sigourney Weaver nominations for her work on clever observation the stage.